He would rule France as a Constitutional Monarch and leave Oscar as Regent in Sweden and Norway. , Although the Swedish government, amazed at Mörner's effrontery, at once placed him under arrest on his return to Sweden, the candidature of Bernadotte gradually gained favour and on 21 August 1810 he was elected by the Riksdag of the Estates in Örebro to be the new crown prince, and was subsequently made Generalissimus of the Swedish Armed Forces by the King. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Napoleon gave Bernadotte command of the occupation of Ansbach (1806) and in the same year made him prince of Ponte-Corvo.  It made a sharp contrast with Sweden's previous hegemonic expansionism resulting in uninterrupted wars with neighboring countries for centuries, and he successfully kept his kingdoms in a state of peace from 1814 until his death. Charles XIV John (Swedish and Norwegian: Karl XIV Johan; born Jean Bernadotte; 26 January 1763 – 8 March 1844) was King of Sweden and Norway from 1818 until his death. In July 1807 Bernadotte was named governor of the occupied Hanseatic cities of northern Germany. Active in several Napoleonic campaigns between 1805 and 1809, he subsequently shifted allegiances and formed Swedish alliances with Russia, Great Britain, and Prussia, which defeated Napoleon at the Battle of Leipzig (1813). However, Eugène, serving as viceroy in Italy, did not wish to convert to Lutheranism, a prerequisite for accepting the Swedish offer. L’offensive éclair de la France.  Many Swedes expected him to reconquer Finland, which had been ceded to Russia; however, the Crown Prince was aware of its difficulty for reasons of the desperate situation of the state finance and the reluctance of the Finnish people to return to Sweden. Désirée Clary's relationshios with Bonaparte and Bernadotte were the subject of the novel Désirée by Annemarie Selinko. His goal, also acquainted with absolutism, was, “one king, one law, one faith;” Furthermore, Louis wanted to promote religious unity, royal dignity, and …  He was succeeded by his only son, Oscar I.. Le 6 avril 1672, Louis XIV déclare la guerre aux Provinces-Unies (Pays-Bas du Nord) afin d’abaisser l’outrageuse puissance économique et commerciale de la petite république protestante. Louis XIV de Charles Le Brun (1619-1690, France) | Reproductions D'art De Musée Charles Le Brun | WahooArt.com. We do not know how it may turn out. Scott, Franklin D. (1962). The construction began in 1825, but the Storting halted the funding after the costly foundation was laid and demanded that the appointed architect, Hans Linstow, construct a simpler palace. Having been badly mauled, and fully exposed ahead of the main French line, IX Corps withdrew from the village of Aderklaa against Napoleon's orders. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Bernadotte moved West as ordered, pursued by Bennigsen where he ably defeated the numerically superior Russian vanguard at Mohrungen (25 January 1807). Soon after his birth 'Baptiste' was added to his name, to distinguish him fr… In 1805 Bernadotte was given command of the I Army Corps during the Austrian campaign.  In fact, he did what he had been ordered to do, and more fundamental responsibility for his absence rests upon the ambiguous and indirect orders issued by Berthier and Napoleon's unawareness of the Prussian position. Of the latter, Bernadotte was gifted in his ability to inspire his men to prodigious feats of valor. In this capacity, as well as during his later command of the army of northern Germany, he created for himself a reputation for independence, incorruptibility, moderation, and administrative ability. He is known for his mental illness and psychotic episodes which plagued him throughout his life. Premier peintre du roi pendant la période la plus prospère et la plus glorieuse du règne de Louis XIV, il fut chargé de magnifier par l’art la splendeur et la puissance du souverain. King of Sweden (1818-1844) as Karl XIV JohanKing of Norway (1818-1844) as Karl III Johan fullname Jean-Baptiste Jules Bernadotte formerly Jean-Baptiste Bernadotte Born: January 26, 1763, Pau, FranceDied: March 8, 1844, Stockholm French by birth, Jhe served a long career in the French Army. The Norwegian constitution gave the Norwegian parliament, the Storting, more power than any legislature in Europe. pp. Oeuvres , Oeuvres. The king had adopted a Danish prince, Charles August, as his son soon after his coronation, but he had died just a few months after his arrival. And also Charles become Crown Prince of Sweden and Norway under his father's reign. During the period of the Allied invasion of France in the winter and spring of 1814, when it was unclear who would rule France after the war, the Russian Tsar Alexander I, with support from French liberals like Benjamin Constant and Madame de Staël, advocated placing Charles John on the French throne in place of Napoleon. He was born in Pau, France, January 26, 1764, the son of a French lawyer. An alliance was signed with Russia in April 1812, with Great Britain in March 1813—with the British granting a subsidy for the proposed conquest of Norway—and with Prussia in April 1813.  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