Op zoek naar artikelen van Henryk Sienkiewicz? [29] The first, the Henryk Sienkiewicz Museum in Oblęgorek (his residence), opened in 1958. Henryk Sienkiewicz, a Nobel Prize Laureate in Literature, at the Nobel Prize Internet Archive. 1905 Henryk Sienkiewicz. [12] He first stayed in London, then for a year in Paris, delaying his return to Poland due to rumors of possible conscription into the Imperial Russian Army on the eve of a predicted new war with Turkey. [31] However, as Russia (of which Sienkiewicz was a citizen) was not a signatory to the Berne Convention, he rarely received any royalties from the translations. The Trilogy and Quo Vadis have been filmed, the latter several times, with Hollywood's 1951 version receiving the most international recognition. [16] The couple had two children, Henryk Józef (1882–1959) and Jadwiga Maria (1883–1969). [12] He also wrote a play for Modjeska, aimed at an American public, Z walki tutejszych partii (Partisan Struggles), but it was never performed or published, and the manuscript appears to be lost. Z tej rodziny: Henryk 1847–1916, powieściopisarz". Sienkiewicz’s family owned a small estate but lost everything and moved to Warsaw, where Sienkiewicz studied literature, history, and philology at Warsaw University. For more than a century, these academic institutions have worked independently to select Nobel Laureates in each prize category. [28] Together with Ignacy Paderewski and Erazm Piltz, he established an organization for Polish war relief. A Polish szlachcic (noble) of the Oszyk coat of arms, he was one of the most popular Polish writers at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, and received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1905 for his “outstanding merits as an epic writer.” (source: Wikipedia) Many of his novels remain in print. [23][29] Writers and poets devoted works to him, or used him or his works as inspiration. [12][16] In late summer 1879 he went to Venice and Rome, which he toured for the next few weeks, on 7 November 1879 returning to Warsaw. Both in German and Polish culture the Teutonic Knights were incorrectly viewed as precursors to modern Germans while the Polish-Lithuanian union was regarded as a model for a future independent Polish state. [19] A jubilee committee presented him with a gift from the Polish people: an estate at Oblęgorek, near Kielce,[19] where he later opened a school for children. [20][29] Named for him is Białystok's Osiedle Sienkiewicza; city parks in Wrocław and Łódź; and over 70 schools in Poland. See Wikimedia Commons 26 March 2012 photo by user:Muhammad: [File:Sienkiewicz in rome.JPG]. [39] The second, founded in 1966, is in his birthplace: the Henryk Sienkiewicz Museum in Wola Okrzejska. [23] The names of his characters were given to a variety of products. [17] The turn of the 1880s and 1890s was associated with intensive work on several novels. Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz (Wola Okrzejska, Kongresszusi Lengyelország, 1846. május 5. Henryk Sienkiewicz was born on May 5, 1846 in Wola Okrzejska, Poland, Russian Empire as Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz. [18], Sienkiewicz had several romances, and in 1892 Maria Romanowska-Wołodkowicz, stepdaughter of a wealthy Odessan, entered his life. ", Jan Ciechanowicz. Start Alfred Nobel Nagroda Nobla Formularz kontaktowy. He was a writer, known for Quo Vadis (1951), Invasion 1700 (1962) and Na jasnym brzegu (1921). [29] He has been featured on a number of postage stamps. Nobel Media AB 2021. [23] The book edition appeared later the same year, and soon gained international renown. [17] It ran in The Word from December 1884 to September 1886. [29] Thousands accompanied the coffin to its Warsaw resting place, and Poland's President Stanisław Wojciechowski delivered a eulogy. [28] His funeral was attended by representatives of both the Central Powers and the Entente, and an address by Pope Benedict XV was read. Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz (US: shen-KYAY-vitch, -⁠KYEV-itch, Polish: [ˈxɛnrɨk ˈadam alɛkˈsandɛr ˈpjus ɕɛnˈkʲɛvitʂ]; 5 May 1846 – 15 November 1916), also known by the pseudonym Litwos [ˈlitfɔs], was a Polish journalist, novelist and Nobel Prize laureate. [29] He has statues in a number of Polish cities, including Warsaw's Łazienki Park (the first statue was erected at Zbaraż, now in Ukraine),[29] and in Rome[38] A Sienkiewcz Mound stands at Okrzeja, near his birthplace, Wola Okrzejska. [4] He had five siblings: an older brother, Kazimierz (died during January Uprising), and four sisters, Aniela, Helena, Zofia and Maria. Kansainvälisesti tunnettu menestyskirja on Quo Vadis (1896). [11] He hunted, visited Native American camps, traveled in the nearby mountains (the Santa Ana, Sierra Madre, San Jacinto, and San Bernardino Mountains), and visited the Mojave Desert, Yosemite Valley, and the silver mines at Virginia City, Nevada. [23], In 1900, with a three-year delay due to the approaching centenary of Mickiewicz's birth, Sienkiewicz celebrated his own quarter-century, begun in 1872, as a writer. He is best remembered for his historical novels, especially for his internationally known best-seller Quo Vadis (1896). [12] He also continued writing journalistic pieces, mainly in The Polish Gazette and Niwa. Look for popular awards and laureates in different fields, and discover the history of the Nobel Prize. [23], He was inducted into many international organizations and societies, including the Polish Academy of Learning, the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, the Royal Czech Society of Sciences, and the Italian Academy of Arcadia. [11][13] The last three are known as the "Little Trilogy". [16] Soon, however, he lost interest in the journalistic aspect and decided to focus more on his literary work. [11] In 1873 he began writing a column, "Bez tytułu" ("Without a title"), in The Polish Gazette; in 1874 a column, "Sprawy bieżące" ("Current matters") for Niwa; and in 1875 the column, "Chwila obecna" ("The present moment"). Henryk Sienkiewicz. irodalmi Nobel-díjas lengyel író. [4] He also worked on his first novel to be published, Na marne (In Vain). Wed. 27 Jan 2021. [11][14] Other articles by him also appeared in Przegląd Tygodniowy (The Weekly Review) and Przewodnik Naukowy i Literacki (The Learned and Literary Guide), discussing the situation of American Polonia. Chorągwi juszyńskiej – były to dolne szczeble w drabinie hierarchicznej utytułowanych rodów tatarskich. because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer. In 1891 his novel Without dogma (Bez Dogmatu), previously serialized in 1889–90 in The Word, was published in book form. Według dokumentu wydanego w Radomiu 6 lutego 1782 protoplastą tej rodziny był Piotr Oszyk Sienkiewicz. Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius SIENKIEWICZ, kaŝnomo: „Litwos”, „Musagetes”, „Juliusz Polkowski”, „K. [4] His situation improved somewhat in 1868 when he became tutor to the princely Woroniecki family. [17] Sienkiewicz used the money to set up a fund, named for his wife and supervised by the Academy of Learning, to aid artists endangered by tuberculosis. The Nobel Prize in Literature 1905, Born: 5 May 1846, Wola Okrzejska, Poland, Died: 15 November 1916, Vevey, Switzerland, Residence at the time of the award: Thus, for example, he prioritized Polish military victories over defeats. Ông thường ký … Nobel-díj (1905) Henryk Sienkiewicz aláírása: A Wikimédia Commons tartalmaz Henryk Sienkiewicz témájú médiaállományokat. Henryk Sienkiewicz. [4] In 1869 he debuted as a journalist; Przegląd Tygodniowy (1866–1904) (The Weekly Review) ran his review of a play on 18 April 1869, and shortly afterward The Illustrated Weekly printed an essay of his about the late-Renaissance Polish poet Mikołaj Sęp Szarzyński. Henryk Adam Aleksander Pius Sienkiewicz, also known as “Litwos”, was a Polish journalist and Nobel Prize-winning novelist. [29] They have also been adapted for Polish films and television series. Henryk Sienkiewicz Biographical H enryk Sienkiewicz (1846-1916), the most outstanding and prolific Polish writer of the second half of the nineteenth century, was born in Wola Okrzejska, in the Russian part of Poland. [12] It was a short-lived marriage, however, because on 18 August 1885 Maria died of tuberculosis. [29] His works have received criticism, in his lifetime and since, as being simplistic: a view expressed notably by the 20th-century Polish novelist and dramatist Witold Gombrowicz, who described Sienkiewicz as a "first-rate second-rate writer". [17][18] After his return to Warsaw in 1887, the third volume of his Trilogy appeared – Pan Wołodyjowski (Sir Michael) – running in The Word from May 1887 to May 1888. Poland, Prize motivation: "because of his outstanding merits as an epic writer. [28][29], In 1924, after Poland had regained her independence, Sienkiewicz's remains were repatriated to Warsaw, Poland, and placed in the crypt of St. John's Cathedral. In the 1880s he began serializing novels that further increased his popularity. [18] His works of the period are critical of decadent and naturalistic philosophies. [22][29] He has been the subject of a number of biographies. Polish journalist and Nobel Prize-winning novelist (1846-1916). [17] At the end of 1890 he went to Africa, resulting in Listy z Afryki (Letters from Africa, published in The Word in 1891–92, then collected as a book in 1893). [16] The year 1882 saw him heavily engaged in the running of the newspaper, in which he published a number of columns and short stories. [19] He was as prominent in philanthropy as in literature. [4] He completed his university studies in 1871, though he failed to receive a diploma because he did not pass the examination in Greek language. [4] He received relatively poor school grades except in the humanities, notably Polish language and history. For others, see, Sienkiewicz in the 1880s, photograph by Stanisław Bizański, Andrzej Kulikowski. [16][17][30] The Trilogy merged elements of the epic and the historical novel, infused with special features of Sienkiewicz's style. [20] Similarly, his contemporary novel Wiry Whirlpool (novel), 1910, which sought to criticize some of Sienkiewicz's political opponents, received a mostly polemical and politicized response. [31] To avoid intrusive journalists and fans, Sienkiewicz sometimes traveled incognito. ", To cite this section NobelPrize.org. Henryk Sienkiewicz, Writer: Quo Vadis. [12] He wrote a play, Na przebój, soon retitled Na jedną kartę (On a Single Card), later staged at Lviv (1879) and, to a better reception, at Warsaw (1881). Several outreach organisations and activities have been developed to inspire generations and disseminate knowledge about the Nobel Prize. MLA style: Henryk Sienkiewicz – Facts. Books by Henryk Sienkiewicz; [16] This substantially improved his finances. [11][12], Meanwhile, in 1872, he had debuted as a fiction writer with his short novel Na marne (In Vain), published in the magazine Wieniec (magazine) (Garland). 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