The catchment flows from the flanks of the Rift valley, the Aberdare ranges and the Ngong hills. Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management, 6 (3): 343-354. Explore Administratively, the drainage basin covers: Nairobi, Makueni, Taita Taveta, Kwale and Mombasa Counties, part of Kiambu, Machakos, Kajiado, Kilifi, Kitui and Nyandarua Counties. Largest Lake — Lake Okeechobee at 700 square miles (the 2nd largest freshwater lake in the United States) Largest County — Palm Beach at 2,578 square miles. The river supports abundant fish species, most of them in the Cyprinidae and Aplocheilidae Families. The lower stream waters are brackish and characterized by a foul smell. Nairobi River has several tributaries, including (in descending order from north to south): Motoine River flows to the Nairobi Dam, an artificial lake meant to provide drinkable water for residents of Nairobi. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Athi River, . Tocantins River in Brazil is another with a length of 1,640 miles, and its main tributary the Araguaia River with a length of about 1,632 miles. Coastal zone of 500-0M (amsl) is threatened by seawater intrusion; worsening with proximity to the oceanic front. These wetlands and riparian zones need protection from degradation and restoration of their functional capacities. Other rivers such as the Rare, Kombeni, Mwache, Pemba, and Ramisi rivers flow into the Indian Ocean and the total drainage area totals 19,493 km2. There are several major springs in ACA such as Mzima, Kikuyu, NjoroKubwa, Nolturesh and Marere. The Nairobi Rivers form the mid-section of an extensive tropical river system whose headwaters are located in the highlands of central Kenya. The Aberdare Range, one of the major water towers, lies in the northern edge of the area. Pollution in the river is, however, threatening fish in the river. kenya's second longest river, Athi River has several of sources. or. Athi Catchment Area has varied topographical characteristics, from the highland in the Aberdare Ranges of around 2,600M above mean sea level (amsl) to the coastal area at the sea level. It takes five hours per day for women to fetch water. These areas generate high runoff and consequent erosion of riverbanks, sewage spills during flash-floods, solid waste, encroachment into wetlands and riparian. Ndarugu River is a perennial river with its source in the Kikuyu escarpments. Acute shortage of water resources at different times of the year resulting in conflicts of water sharing. Distribution of epilithic diatoms in response to environmental conditions in an urban tropical stream, Central Kenya. Middle zone of 1,500-500M (amsl) which covers the Taita Hills, Shimba Hills and Arabuko Sokoke forest reserves, which are important water towers for the catchment. The Athi River flows from the southeast of Nairobi; north-eastward in the upstream reaches, and then turns its flow direction to the southeast in the north of Ol donyo Sabuk National Park, and flows along the catchment area boundary with the Tana Catchment Area, and pours into the Indian Ocean in the northern of Malindi. S. Sondu Miriu River - Suam River. Its water is used downstream by about four million people not only for irrigation but also for domestic purposes. This is the main water source … Other research reports which indicate water quality deterioration in Kenya and the study basins are those by Njunguna (1978) and Ongwenyi (1979). The main water sources are Yatta canal (furrow) and River Athi , which supply water for household, livestock and irrigation use. 2004. You are free to come and worship with us on Saturdays. It markets its products under the brand names, Rhino Cement and Mavuno Fertilizer. Plastic debris has the potential to negatively impact marine and terrestrial ecosystems, and has social impacts through degraded beaches, declining real estate values, and detrimental health effects. Nairobi's rivers suffer from contaminations by agriculture, slums and industrial areas. WRA Is in the process of Gazetting the Kikuyu springs as a Groundwater Conservation Area(GCA) to ensure the ground water recharge for the Nairobi aquifer suite is not polluted and depleted (currently drilling is being done at a depth of over 200m). amounts of pollutants to the Nairobi River, its tributaries and the main Athi River. R. Ragati River - Ruiru River. Pollution mainly from major cities of Nairobi, Mombasa, Thika, Kiambu, Machakos and Athi River constituting major sources of pollution due to raw/partially treated domestic waste, industrial discharges and poor solid waste disposal. It flows past the bustling metropolis and through Kenya’s largest national park, Tsavo East, until it finally reaches the Indian Ocean. Its estimated annual flow averages 58 cubic miles, making it the twenty-first largest liver in the world in terms of annual flow. The Athi River route is the newest on the Nairobi Commuter Train schedule after launching its services on Monday, November 23. Characterization of environmental gradients using physico-chemical measurements and diatom densities in Nairobi River, Kenya. Indian Ocean through the Tana River. It starts on Mount Kenya and is a tributary of the Sagana and then the Tana, the longest river in Kenya. Other upcoming cities include Konza, Machakos, Tatu, and Diani Resort. The main challenge that the community in the area faces is water shortage. Nairobi River tributaries are the main source of the Athi River. Nairobi Rivers' source is at Ondiri swamp in Kikuyu.[3]. It flows past the bustling metropolis and through Kenya’s largest national park, Tsavo East, until it finally reaches the Indian Ocean. It flows in south east direction and meanders through farmed slopes of Gatundu and Thika District before joining Athi River at Munyu near Kilimambogo. Renewables overtook fossil fuels as the European Union’s main source of electricity for the first time in 2020 as new projects came online and coal power shrank, a report … After an expedition to Peru to locate the Amazon’s precise source, the team described a different starting point. Read more Clam, Estero & Naples Bays ... Lake Okeechobee is the second largest freshwater lake within the United States, and the main source of freshwater flow into the Everglades. These rivers are mostly narrow and highly polluted,[1] though recent efforts have seen fruitful gains in cleaning up the river.[2]. Croplands and rangelands: Croplands and rangelands constitute the largest land use areas in the catchment. Kenya's real estate moguls are migrating to Athi River in droves as the area continues to experience growth that has seen it become one of the most attractive areas for developers in search of high rental yields.. Tsavo River runs east from the western end of the Tsavo West National Park ofKenya, near the border of Tanzania, until it joins with the Athi River, forming theGalana River near the center of the park. Forgot account? The Athi River starts in the iconic Ngong Hills that rise above Nairobi. As the road gets closer to Athi River hence outskirts of Nairobi, main beneficiaries will be those operating in the Export Processing Zone (EPZ), the cement factory operators and traders in both animal products and merchandise in general. The Athi River lies on 1530m above sea level The climate here is mild, and generally warm and temperate. It crosses Ngong Road at the Mbagathi bridge, past Karen Shopping Centre on your way to Ngong. With the Stone Source Quick Ship Program, you can obtain large quantities of material, available for immediate shipment. Geographers long agreed that, while the Amazon might be the world’s largest river by volume, the longest was likely the Nile. Overgrazing causing accelerated erosion and subsequently siltation of water bodies. These rivers are mostly narrow and highly polluted, though recent efforts have seen fruitful gains in cleaning up the river. Major Water Resources Management Challenges, WRA’s efforts in Curbing Water Conservation Concerns in Athi Catchment Area, Ministry of Water, Sanitation & Irrigation, Location: Water Resources Authority (WRA), NHIF Building, 9th Floor Wing B, Upper Hill, Ragati Road, Nairobi, Address: P.O.Box 45250-00100 Nairobi, Kenya, Athi River passing through the Yatta Platteau (Picture by Mathew Mutie; The Treasure Blog), Figure 3: Pollution sources along Athi River, Implementation of Sub Catchment Management Plans, Construction & Rehabilitation of Surface Water Gauge Stations, https://wra.go.ke/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/WRA-Customer-Service-Charter-Audio-File-online-audio-converter.com_.mp3. Ndiritu, G. G., N. N. Gichuki, P. Kaur and L. Triest. Athi Catchment is bounded by Latitudes 1º to 4.5º South and Longitudes 37º to 40º East. Determining the source of the Rhine is difficult, because in the river system of the Anterior and Posterior Rhine, there are many headwaters of similar size. The Nairobi River Basin comprises three main rivers namely; Ngong, Nairobi and Mathare. Not Now. There are different criteria for the definition of tributaries, and by some definitions, irrespective of the official name, one strand or another may be called the source. ABA has carried out about 4 water abstraction surveys and developed 2 Water Allocation plans by June 2016 to determine the amount of water that has been committed through abstraction. The new schedule also sees the inclusion of … 5. However, the Athi River also receives large amounts of pollution from Nairobi–an area with a population of over nine million people. Your Car, Your Choice! The Jurua River flows through Peru and Brazil and covers 1,500 miles long. Main Source was a hip hop group based in New York City/Toronto, composed of Toronto DJs and producers, Sir Scratch and K-Cut, and Queens MC and producer Large Professor.Later, Michael Deering aka Mikey D (also from Queens) replaced Large Professor. It is the main river of the Nairobi river basin, a complex of several parallel streams flowing eastwards. Arm Cement Plc (Arm Cement), formerly known as Athi River Mining Limited, is a mineral exploration and processing company. Number of First Magnitude Springs — 27 The coastal hinterland aquifers are typically poor and often brackish. The lower reaches are drained by the main Athi River (Galana-Sabaki) passing through a sparsely populated areas and entering the Indian Ocean as the Sabaki River to the north of Malindi town. To improve air quality in Athi River, mitigation measures such as limiting the establishment of more high energy-consuming industries and prioritize the use of clean energy sources. The Athi River flows from the southeast of Nairobi; north-eastward in the upstream reaches, and then turns its flow direction to the southeast in the north of Ol donyo Sabuk National Park, and flows along the catchment area boundary with the Tana Catchment Area, and pours into the … The Athi river receives flow contributions from several tributaries draining the upper parts of the basin . 7,700. Other tributaries of Nairobi River Basin include; Kamiti river (Gathara-ini), Rui Ruaka, Karura Ruiru and Kirichwa. Tana River, river, Kenya, flowing 440 miles (708 km) from its headwaters in the Aberdare Range and Mount Kenya to the Indian Ocean.Taking a northeasterly course at first, the river plunges over the Kitaru (Seven Forks) Falls (440 feet [134 m]) into a semidesert landscape that constitutes its middle course. Twenty of our most popular items are included in the program. The overarching purpose of this project was to conduct an analysis of the sources and movement of plastic debris in the Athi/Galana and Sabaki River Basin Watersheds. The rivers pass through the capital city and finally discharging their waters 600km away into the Indian Ocean. With the availability of such infrastructure the area is characterized by significant economic activities such as manufacturing and processing industries, marine industry and Tourism. Previously the train departed the Athi River Station at 6:00 a.m and was scheduled to arrive in Nairobi at 7:23 a.m. The river, its tributaries and riverbanks are the source of irrigation and drinking water for millions of people, and wildlife. Ndarugu River is one of the tributaries of Athi River. Empowered the WRUAs at the local level to carry out water conservation and protection activities through implementation of SCMP activities such as protection 129 springs, conservation of riparian areas, construction of terraces and gabions to control soil erosion, planting indigenious trees for conservation purposes. Create New Account. According to a statement issued by the governor, the waste released to Nairobi River, which is a main tributary to Athi River has endangered the people of Machakos who depend on the river as a source of water. The Caloosahatchee River has long been a water resource for urban and agricultural use. They are associated with built-up infrastructure such as roads, air-ports and rail transport. Women to fetch water, where it is among the longest River in Kenya in an urban tropical stream Central. Yatta canal ( furrow ) and River Athi is about 10 kilometres, Central Kenya of for... 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